__2017-12-11 如一模式识别研究

如一模式识别研究

图像识别>>python开发_imghdr_图像格式支持

转自:http://www.cnblogs.com/hongten/p/hongten_python_imghdr.html

在python中,imghdr模块对图像格式提供了支持

该模块主要是处理识别图像的格式

imghdr模块提供的函数如下:

1 imghdr.what(filename, h=None)

2 Tests the image data contained in the file named by filename, and returns a string describing the image type. If optional h is provided, t he filename is ignored and h is assumed to contain the byte stream to test.

1 imghdr.tests

2 A list of functions performing the individual tests. Each function takes two arguments: the byte-stream and an open file-like object. When what() is called with a byte-stream, the file-like object will be None.

3

4 The test function should return a string describing the image type if the test succeeded, or None if it failed.

以下的图像格式可以被识别:

Value Image format

'rgb' SGI ImgLib Files

'gif' GIF 87a and 89a Files

'pbm' Portable Bitmap Files

'pgm' Portable Graymap Files

'ppm' Portable Pixmap Files

'tiff' TIFF Files

'rast' Sun Raster Files

'xbm' X Bitmap Files

'jpeg' JPEG data in JFIF or Exif formats

'bmp' BMP files

'png' Portable Network Graphics

=====================================================

以下是我做的demo:

=====================================================

1 #python imghdr

2

3 #Author : Hongten

4 #Mailto : hongtenzone@foxmail.com

5 #Blog : http://www.cnblogs.com/hongten

6 #QQ : 648719819

7 #Version : 1.0

8 #Create : 2013-09-09

9

10 import os

11 import imghdr

12

13 #global var

14 #image path

15 IMG_PATH = None

16

17 __author__ = ['Hongten']

18

19 def get_ext(path):

20 '''return a string describing the image type.'''

21 if os.path.exists(path):

22 return imghdr.what(path)

23 else:

24 print('the path [{}] dose not exit!'.format(path))

25

26 def init():

27 global IMG_PATH

28 IMG_PATH = 'C:\\test\\hongten.jpg'

29

30 def main():

31 init()

32 img_ext = get_ext(IMG_PATH)

33 print('the image : [{}],and the type is :[{}]'.format(IMG_PATH, img_ext))

34

35 if __name__ == '__main__':

36 main()

运行效果:

the image : [C:\test\hongten.jpg],and the type is :[jpeg]

更多参考:

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_a04184c101010kt2.html

评论留言区

游客:
  python的图像支持还是不太方便啊  

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